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Showing posts with label Japanese adjectives. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Japanese adjectives. Show all posts

Sep 15, 2018

September 15, 2018

Oishii - 11 ways to say delicious in Japanese


Today, let's study how to say delicious, tasty, and yummy!


The word most commonly used is "Oishii".

In this article, let's learn how to use "Oishii"!


Also, let's check 10 other ways to say delicious in Japanese!




Below is the index of this article:





1. Summary of Oishii

"Oishii" is a Japanese adjective to say "tasty" or "delicious".


HiraganaRomajiEnglishKanji
おいしいo i shi itasty, delicious美味しい


Unlike delicious, Oishii is not as strong of an expression.

Maybe, "tasty" is a good translation for "Oishii".



If we write Oishii in Kanji, it's "美味しい".

The Kanji "美" means "beautiful".

"味" means "taste".


So "美味しい" includes the meaning of "beautiful taste".



Let's check how to use the adjective, Oishii!






2. How to use Oishii


2-1. Polite way to say

You can say "Oishii" during eating.

It means that you are eating something delicious.


However, just saying "Oishii" is not so polite.


If you want to say it politely, please use "desu"!

"Desu" is a word to make the sentence polite.

If you still don't know about "desu", please check this:
  です(desu) >>




"おいしい(oishii)" is an i-adjective.

You can directly add "です(desu)" to the end of an i-adjective.


"おいしい(oishii)" + "です(desu)"

 = おいしいです




So when you are eating, please say:

おいしいです。
o i shi i de su

Meaning: "It is delicious."

This sentence is present tense.
So it means what you are eating is delicious!






2-2. Past tense

When you make an i-adjective past tense, please follow the 3 steps below:

1. Remove "い(i)" from the adjective.

2. Add "かった(katta)" to the end of the i-adjective in order to make it past tense.

3. In addition to that, put "です(desu)" at the end in order to make it polite.




When we make "おいしい(oishii)" past tense:

1. Remove "い(i)" from the adjective.

 おいしい -> おいし
 oishii -> oishi


2. Add "かった(katta)" to the end of the i-adjective:

 おいし -> おいしかった
 oishi -> oishi katta


3. In addition to that, put "です(desu)" at the end:

 おいしかった -> おいしかったです
 oishi katta -> oishi katta desu




So, after you have eaten, please say:

おいしかったです。
o i shi ka t ta de su

Meaning: "It was delicious."


This sentence is past tense.

Also, this is polite because it includes "です(desu)".

After eating, please say this sentence to the cooks.
It will make them happy!






3. Other ways to say delicious


If you remember "おいしいです(oishii desu)" and "おいしかったです(oishikatta desu)", I think it's enough.

However, let's learn other ways to say delicious in order to use them properly!



3-1. Oishuu gozaimashita


If you want to say delicious very very politely, you can say "おいしゅうございました(oishuu gozaimashita)".

This is a very polite way to say delicious.

Even Japanese people don't use this so often.


If you say "おいしゅうございました(oishuu gozaimashita)" in front of Japanese people, they will think "Oh, this person is so polite!".

Maybe they will love you!


By the way, "おいしゅうございました(oishuu gozaimashita)" is past tense.

Please say this after eating!






3-2. Umai


"うまい(umai)" is a very casual way to say delicious in Japanese.

This is commonly used.


If the food is delicious, you can just say:

"うまい! (umai!)"



"うまい" is an i-adjective, as well as "おいしい(oishii)".


You can use it like this:

Polite way:
"うまいです"


Past tense:
"うまかった"


Polite past tense:
"うまかったです"



This is a very common way to say delicious in Japan.

You can use "うまい(umai)" when you eat with your friends!



However, it is kind of casual.

I don't recommend you to use this in a formal situation.

"おいしい(oishii)" is safer to use if you still haven't gotten use to Japanese!





3-3. Hoppe ga ochisou


Sometimes, Japanese people say "ほっぺがおちそう(hoppe ga ochisou)" when they eat delicious meals.

It is one way to say:
"This is so delicious."


"ほっぺ(hoppe)" means "cheek".

"おちそう(ochisou)" means "almost falling down".

If you don't know "が", please check this:
  は(wa) and が(ga) >>


So "ほっぺがおちそう(hoppe ga ochisou)" means:
"My cheek is almost falling down."


Of course, the person's cheek doesn't really fall.

This is a Japanese figurative expression.



While chewing delicious food, sometimes they say this in order to express how delicious the food is.





3-4. Ikeru, Ikemasu


"いけます(ikemasu)" is a polite way to say "いける(ikeru)".

If you want to know about "ます(masu)", please check this:
  ます(masu) >>


"いける(ikeru)" and "いけます(ikemasu)" sometimes mean tasty, too.

However, the situation to use this is limited.



Actually, it includes the meaning of "surprisingly".


For example, if your Japanese friend recommends you to add milk to your ramen.

At first, you would think it is strange.

However, if it is surprisingly delicious , you can say:
"いける! (ikeru!)"


It means it is delicious, even though you weren't sure if it would be delicious before eating it.



If the food is surprisingly tasty, please use "いける(ikeru)".






3-5. Zeppin


"ぜっぴん(zeppin)" is a noun to express very delicious food.

You will see this word in Japanese food advertisements.



"絶品" is the Kanji for "ぜっぴん(zeppin)".


"絶" is used to explain wonderful things, like a very beautiful view or the best opportunity.

"品" means an "item" or a "thing".


So "ぜっぴん(zeppin)" means "wonderful thing".

However, "ぜっぴん(zeppin)" is only used for food.



If you see an advertisement which says "zeppin ramen", it means the ramen must be very delicious.

At least, the advertisement is saying so...





3-6. Kakubetsu


"かくべつ(kakubetsu)" means "special".

Sometimes, it is used to say "more delicious than any other things".

Or if food or a drink is very nice during, or after a particular situation, you can use this word, "かくべつ(kakubetsu)".



Examples:

1. ふろあがりのぎゅうにゅうはかくべつだ。
 fu to a ga ri no gyu u nyu u wa ka ku be tsu da

Meaning: "Milk after taking a bath is better than any other thing."

ふろあがり: after bath
ぎゅうにゅう: milk




2. しごとおわりのビールはかくべつだ。
 shi go to o wa ri no bi ru wa ka ku be tsu da

Meaning: "Beer after working is better than any other thing."

しごとおわりの: after working
ビール: beer

If you don't know the Katakana characters for beer, please check this:
  Katakana >>






3.きみがいれてくれたコーヒーはかくべつだ。
 ki mi ga i re te ku re ta ko hi wa ka ku be tsu da

Meaning: "Coffee served by you is better than any other thing."

きみがいれてくれた: served by you
コーヒー: coffee





Like above, if the food or drink is so delicious under a particular situation, please use "かくべつ(kakubetsu)".





3-7. Tamaranai


"たまらない(tamaranai)" is very strong way to say delicious.

If this word is used for food, it means "irresistible", "tremendous", or "out of this world".



Actually, "たまらない(tamaranai)" could also mean "cannot stand" or "unbearable".

The usage of "たまらない(tamaranai)" could include a negative meaning.



However, if you say "たまらない(tamaranai)" while eating delicious food, it means:
This food is too delicious to bear.

So it means the food is so delicious.




If you say "たまらないです(tamaranai desu)" during eating, it means you love that food.

So the cook will be so glad!






3-8. Saikou


"さいこう(saikou)" means "the best".


If you say "さいこうです(saikou desu)" during eating, it means you have the best feeling ever because of the food.

It means "this food is so delicious".


"さいこう(saikou)" is not only for food or drinks.

It just means that you feel so nice.


The thing that is nice depends on the situation.

If you say "さいこう(saikou)" during taking a bath, it means the bath is very nice.

If you shout "さいこう(saikou)" during a party, it means you are enjoying the party.




"さいこうです(saikou desu)" is more polite than saying just "さいこう(saikou)".



When you are having the best feeling ever, please use the word, "さいこう(saikou)".






3-9. Yabai


When you talk with young Japanese people, you will probably often hear this word.

This slang is used by young people in Japan.


Basically, "やばい(yabai)" means dangerous, risky, awful, or terrible.


However, it can also mean terrific, amazing, or cool.



As slang, Japanese high school students use this word for everything.


Today, "やばい(yabai)" just means "not normal".


So when they eat, if the food is more tasty than normal, "やばい(yabai)" is easily used .




By the way, "やばい(yabai)" is also an i-adjective, as well as "おいしい(oishii)" and "うまい(umai)".


So you can use like below:

Polite way:
"やばいです"


Past tense:
"やばかった"


Polite past tense:
"やばかったです"




However, "やばい(yabai)" is a not so polite or formal word.

Even if you use "です(desu)", it doesn't sound so formal...


So maybe you don't need to use this word in a formal situation!






3-10. Umasugite kotobamo denai


This is not a word, but a sentence.


うますぎてことばもでない。
u ma su gi te ko to ba mo de na i

Meaning: "It is too delicious to say anything."

うますぎて: too delicious
ことばもでない: can't say anything



If the food is so delicious, and if you can't find any word to explain it, please say:

うますぎてことばもでない。
u ma su gi te ko to ba mo de na i



But please be noted that "うますぎて(umasugite)" is not a polite way to speak! hehe






4. Greetings for dining

From this article, I think you have already remembered how to say delicious in Japanese.


However, if you eat something in Japan, there is a manner you had better follow.


There are greetings to say before and after eating.


Before eating, please say:
いただきます
i ta da ki ma su


After eating, please say:
ごちそうさまでした
go chi so u sa ma de shi ta


I explained about them in a different article.

If you want to know further details about them, please check these:

 8 unique Japanese greetings:
  いただきます >>
  ごちそうさまでした >>






5. Conclusion


Before eating, please say:

いただきます。
i ta da ki ma su



During eating, if the food is delicious, please say:

おいしいです。
o i shi i de su



After eating, please say:

おいしいかったです。
o i shi ka t ta de su

ごちそうさまでした。
go chi so u sa ma de shi ta





If you want to use other words to say delicious, please remember these:

1. Oishuu gozaimashita
2. Umai
3. Hoppe ga ochisou
4. Ikeru, Ikemasu
5. Zeppin
6. Kakubetsu
7. Tamaranai
8. Saikou
9. Yabai
10. Umasugite kotobamo denai




If you remember them, I think it's enough!

Please have confidence and go to Japan to eat Sushi and Ramen!



I hope this article helps you study Japanese!
Thank you for reading!




Sep 14, 2018

September 14, 2018

Kirei - beautiful and clean in Japanese


In this article, let's learn about the Japanese word, "きれい(kirei)"!


The word "きれい(kirei)" has two meanings.


Also, let's check about the part of speech of "きれい(kirei)", "na-adjective" in this article.



Below is the index of this article!





1. Kirei - clean or beautiful

When you see this picture, what do you think?


I found this paper in a Japanese restroom.

At first, I thought there was no problem.


But after consideration, I realized what the writer wanted to say was different.

He/she wanted to say:
"Please keep the restroom clean."



Why did it happen?



It was caused by the Japanese word, "きれい(kirei)"...


Please check the table for "きれい(kirei)" below!

HiraganaRomajiEnglishKanji
きれい(だ)ki re i (da)beautiful,
clean
綺麗(だ)

If you still don't remember all Hiragana characters, please check these:

If you want to test your memory of Hiragana, please use this:

If you don't know what Romaji is, please check this:


As we can see from the table above, "きれい(kirei)" has two meanings, Beautiful and Clean.


That's why the paper in the restroom said "beautiful" instead of "clean".

In Japanese, both "beautiful" and "clean" are just "きれい(kirei)".





The Japanese part of the paper says:
"トイレはきれいにつかってください。"

トイレ: restroom
つかって: use
ください: please


When this sentence was translated into English, the "きれい(kirei)" was translated into "beautiful" instead of "clean".





Japanese people, including me, need to be careful when we translate "きれい(kirei)"!



For you, please remember that "きれい(kirei)" has two meanings, Beautiful and Clean!


You need to choose which meaning the "きれい(kirei)" has, depending on the context of the sentence.


Let's check examples to get used to it!





Examples:

1. あなたは とても きれい です。
 a na ta wa to te mo ki re i de su


Meaning: "You are so beautiful."

あなた: you
とても: so
きれい: beautiful

If you don't know "は" and "です", please check this:
  です(desu) >>

Probably, this "きれい(kirei)" means "beautiful" because it is explaining about a person.




2. わたしは なつに きれいな はなびを みました。
 wa ta shi wa na tsu ni ki re i na ha na bi wo mi ma shi ta


Meaning: "I watched beautiful fireworks in the summer."

なつに: in the summer
きれいな: beautiful
はなび: fireworks
みました: watched

If you don't know "わたし", please check this:
  わたし(watashi) >>

If you don't know the particle "は", please check this:
  Particle は(wa) >>

If you don't know the particle "を", please check this:
  Particle を(wo) >>

If you want to know about Japanese summer, please check this:
  Summer in Japan >>

In this case, "beautiful" is better than "clean" because clean fireworks sound strange.




3. わたしの へやは とても きれいです。
 wa ta shi no he ya wa to te mo ki re i de su

Meaning: "My room is very clean."

わたしの: my
へや: room
とても: very
きれい: clean

If you don't know "わたしの", please check these:
  わたし (watashi) >>
  Particle の(no) >>

In this case, both "clean" and "beautiful" are possible.
Please judge it depending on the context of the conversation.




4. きれいな トイレ
 ki re i na to i re


Meaning: "a clean restroom"

きれいな: clean
トイレ: restroom

If you don't know why Katakana is used for "トイレ", please check this:
  Katakana >>

Probably, "clean" is more suitable in this case.
However, "beautiful" is still possible, too.
Please choose depending on the context.




Please just remember that "きれい(kirei)" has two meanings, "beautiful" and  "clean"!






2. Extra info (na-adjective and i-adjective)

Let's check the part of speech of "きれい(kirei)" here, just in case.



However, it is kind of complex, and it is still not so important now.


So I would like readers, only who are interested in it, to read this topic.


In the past articles, we learned some adjectives:
  Hot and Cold >>
  Tall and Short >>
  Fast and Slow >>
  Light and Dark >>


In those articles, I said:
In most cases, words where the last character is "い(i)" are adjectives.






So is "きれい(kirei)" also an adjective?



Actually, "きれい(kirei)" is a little bit different from normal adjectives.

It is called "na-adjective", or "adjective verb".






What we studied until now are "adjectives", or "i-adjectives".



I am sorry they are confusing because there are several ways to call them.



In this article, let's just call them "na-adjective" and "i-adjective".



"i-adjective" is the authentic adjective of Japanese.

However, you can think "na-adjective" is also one kind of these adjectives.



I will explain what their difference is.

If you are interested in it, please check below.




At first, let's check how to use "i-adjective".


As we studied in the previous article, a "cheerful person" is "あかるいひと(akarui hito)" in Japanese.
  あかるい(akarui) for personality >>


In this phrase, "あかるい(akarui)" means "cheerful", and it explains about the noun right after it.

"ひと(hito)" means a "person".

So "あかるいひと(akarui hito)" means a "cheerful person".

Like this, "あかるい(akarui)" can be put in front of a noun.





Also, as we studied in the past article, a "tall person" is "せがたかいひと(segatakai hito)" in Japanese.
  Tall in Japanese >>

"せがたかい(segatakai)" means "tall", and it explains about "ひと(hito)" right after it.

Like this, "せがたかい(segatakai)" can also be put in front of a noun.






So what if we use "きれい(kirei)" just like that?


It is...

"きれいひと"
 kirei hito



Does it mean a "beautiful person"?



If you have already gotten used to listening to Japanese, maybe you feel strange about this.


Actually, "きれいひと(kirei hito)" is grammatically wrong.



If we want to say "beautiful person" in Japanese, we need to say:

"きれいひと"
 ki re i na hi to



Please be careful about "な(na)" right after "きれい(kirei)".


This is the reason why "きれい" is called "na-adjective".




It is very complex and difficult to remember all inflections of Japanese words.


So for now, please remember the two points below:


1. Regarding "na-adjective", when you put it in front of a noun, you need to put "な(na)" right after the "na-adjective".

Example:
 "きれいひと"
  ki re i na hi to



2. Regarding "i-adjective", when you put it in front of a noun, you can put it as is.
The character in front of the noun is "い(i)" because it is the final character of i-adjectives.

Examples:
 "あかるいひと"
  a ka ru i hi to

 "せがたかいひと"
  se ga ta ka i hi to



However, you don't need to care about these differences so much now.





By the way, when you use "desu", you don't need to care about their difference.

Examples:

i-adjective:

 "あなたはあかるいです。"
  a na ta wa a ka ru i de su

  Meaning: "You are cheerful."


na-adjective:

 "あなたはきれいです。"
  a na ta wa ki re i de su

  Meaning: "You are beautiful."




Please just remember that "な(na)" is necessary when you put na-adjective in front of a noun!






3. Conclusion

Kirei has two meanings!


Please remember the table below:

HiraganaRomajiEnglish
きれい(だ)ki re i (da)beautiful,
clean


"きれい(kirei)" is a na-adjective!

So please put "な(na)" when you put "きれい(kirei)" in front of a noun, like:

"きれいひと(kireina hito)"



I hope this article helps you study Japanese!
Thank you for reading!



Sep 12, 2018

September 12, 2018

Light and Dark in Japanese


Hello! I'm Kosuke!

How is your Japanese study going?


In this article, let's study how to say Light and Dark in Japanese!


Light and Dark also have meanings for personality or prospect.

However, the way to use it is a little different when using Japanese or English.

Let's also check about them in this article!



Below is the index of this article!





1. Summary table

Please remember the table for Light and Dark below!


EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
light
(adjective)
あかるいa ka ru i明るい
light
(noun)
ひかりhi ka ri
dark
(adjective)
くらいku ra i暗い
dark
(noun)
やみya mi

If you still don't remember all Hiragana characters, please check these:

If you want to test your memory of Hiragana, please use this:

If you don't know what Romaji is, please check this:



"あかるい(akarui)" and "くらい(kurai)" are adjectives.

If you study Japanese, you will see many words where the last character is "い(i)", like "あかるい(akarui)" and "くらい(kurai)".

In most cases, they are adjectives.

They are words describing the status of a word.

If you want to check other adjectives, please check these:


(You don't need to care about the name "adjective" so much here.)

In this article, we will study adjectives to describe the brightness of a noun.





2. Light

Below is the table for "light"!

EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
light
(adjective)
あかるいa ka ru i明るい
light
(noun)
ひかりhi ka ri


Light is "あかるい" in Japanese.

As I explained above, this is an adjective.

If we say a "light room", this is an adjective because "light" is explaining the noun, "room".




However, in English, "light" can also be a noun, which means a flash.

Example:
"light reflected from the mirror"

In this case, "light" is "ひかり" in Japanese.




Examples:

1. かすかなひかり
 ka su ka na hi ka ri

Meaning: "a glimmering light"

かすかな: glimmering

In this example, "ひかり" is used because this "light" is a noun.




2. ひかりがみえます。
 hi ka ri ga mi e ma su

Meaning: "I can see the light."

みえます: can see

If you don't know "ます(masu)", please check this:

In this example, "ひかり" is used because "light" is a noun.




3. あかるいへや
 a ka ru i he ya

Meaning: "a light room"

へや: room

In this example, "あかるい" is used because this "light" is an adjective explaining about the room.




4. そとはまだあかるいです。
 so to wa ma da a ka ru i de su

Meaning: "Outside is still light."

そと: outside
まだ: still

If you don't know about "は(wa)" in the example, please check this:

If you don't know "です(desu)", please check this:

In this example, "あかるい" is used because "light" is an adjective explaining about outside.




For the English word "light", please remember "あかるい(akarui)" and "ひかり(hikari)"!







Below is the table for "dark"!

EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
dark
(adjective)
くらいku ra i暗い
dark
(noun)
やみya mi


Dark is "くらい" in Japanese.

As I explained above, this is an adjective.

If we say a "dark night", this is an adjective because "dark" is explaining the noun, "night".



However, in English, "dark" can also be a noun.

Example:
"Humans cannot see anything in the dark."

In this case, "dark" is "やみ" in Japanese.



Examples:

1. にんげんはやみのなかではなにもみえない。
 ni n ge n wa ya mi no na ka de wa na ni mo mi e na i

Meaning: "Humans cannot see anything in the dark."

にんげん: human
なかでは: in
なにも: anything
みえない: cannot see

In this example, "やみ" is used because this "dark" is a noun.




2. ひかりとやみ
 hi ka ri to ya mi

Meaning: "Light and dark"

と: and

In this example, "ひかり" and "やみ" are used because these "light" and "dark" are nouns.




3. くらいへや
 ku ra i he ya

Meaning: "a dark room"

へや: room

In this example, "くらい" is used because this "dark" is an adjective explaining about the room.




4. そとはもうくらいです。
 so to wa mo u ku ra i de su

Meaning: "It is already dark outside."

そと: outside
もう: already

In this example, "くらい" is used because this "dark" is an adjective explaining about outside.



For the English word "dark", please remember "くらい(kurai)" and "やみ(yami)"!







Sometimes, Light and Dark are used to explain a person's personality.

You can say, "light person" or "dark person" for someone.


In Japanese, "あかるい(akarui)" and "くらい(kurai)" are often used for explaining someone's personality.


However, regarding these words, English and Japanese have different meanings.





"Light" and "あかるい" for personality:

In English, a "light person" is:
Honest, self-sacrificing, generous, noble, helpful, etc.


In Japanese, you can also say, "あかるいひと(akarui hito)".

As we learned above, "あかるい(akarui)" means "light".

"ひと" is a Japanese word which means a "person".


So does "あかるいひと(akarui hito)" mean a "light person"?



Actually, in Japanese, "あかるいひと(akarui hito)" is:
Cheerful, outgoing, and extroverted.

It doesn't include the meanings of honest or self-sacrificing.

Maybe, "cheerful" is the best English word to explain it.

It is different from English.



If "light" or "あかるい(akarui)" is used for explaining a personality, please be careful because their meanings are a little different.


"あかるいひと(akarui hito)" is a cheerful person.





"Dark" and "くらい" for personality:

Do you think a "dark person" and "くらいひと(kurai hito)" have the same meaning?


Actually they are different, too.


In English, I think a "dark person" is:
bad, evil, and scary.



However, in Japanese, "くらいひと(kurai hito)" is:
shy, introverted, pessimistic, and gloomy.


Basically, "くらいひと(kurai hito)" just means a person who is not very social.


"くらいひと(kurai hito)" is not a bad person.

He/she is just not so cheerful.



If "dark" or "くらい(kuri)" is used for explaining a personality, please be careful because their meanings are a little different between English and Japanese.


"くらいひと(kurai hito)" is a person who is not very social!







Bright and Dark can be used for explaining future prospects.

Regarding this usage of "bright" and "dark", English and Japanese are the same.


If we have a bright prospect, it means our future will be good.

If our future is dark, maybe, something bad will happen.



Examples:

1. あかるいみらいがわたしをまっている。
 a ka ru i mi ra i ga wa ta shi wo ma t te i ru

Meaning: "A bright future is waiting for me."

みらい: future
わたしを: for me
まっている: is waiting

If you don't know about "を(wo)" of "わたしを(watashi wo)", please check this:

In this example, "a bright future" and "あかるいみらい(akarui mirai)" have the same meaning.




2. らいねんのみとおしはあかるい。
 ra i ne n no mi to o shi wa a ka ru i

Meaning: "The prospects for next year are bright."

らいねん: next year
みとおし: prospect
らいねんのみとおし: prospects for next year

In this example, "bright" and "あかるい(akarui)" have the same meaning.




3. わたしのみらいはくらい。
 wa ta shi no mi ra i wa ku ra i

Meaning: "My future is dark."

わたしの: my
みらい: future

If you don't remember "わたしの(watashi no)", please check these:

In this example, "dark" and "くらい(kurai)" have the same meaning.







Please remember the table for Light and Dark below!

EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
light
(adjective)
あかるいa ka ru i明るい
light
(noun)
ひかりhi ka ri
dark
(adjective)
くらいku ra i暗い
dark
(noun)
やみya mi


"あかるい(akarui)" and "くらい(kurai)" are adjectives.

"ひかり(hikari)" and "やみ(yami)" are nouns.


When you use "あかるい(akarui)" and "くらい(kurai)" for someone's personality, please be careful because they have different meanings between English and Japanese.


"あかるい(akarui)" and "くらい(kurai)" can also be used for future prospects.
It is the same as English.



I hope this article helps you study Japanese!
Thank you for reading!



Sep 6, 2018

September 06, 2018

Fast and Slow in Japanese


In this article, let's study about how to say Fast and Slow in Japanese!


In addition to that, I would like to explain about Early and Late in Japanese.


In Japanese, Early and Late are very similar to Fast and Slow!


Please choose an item from the index below!






1. Summary table

Below is the summary of this article!


EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
fastはやいha ya i速い
earlyはやいha ya i早い
slowおそいo so i遅い
lateおそいo so i遅い

If you still don't remember all Hiragana, please check these:

If you want to test your memory of Hiragana, please use this:

If you don't know what Romaji is, please check this:



They are all adjectives.

If you study Japanese, you will see many words where the last character is "い(i)", like "はやい(hayai)" and "おそい(osoi)".

In most cases, they are adjectives.

They are the words describing the status of nouns.

If you want to check other adjectives, please check these:


(You don't need to care about the name "adjective" so much here.)

In this article, we will study adjectives to describe the speed of a noun.






In English, Fast and Early are different words.

In Japanese, they are also different words.

However, they sound the same.


But their Kanji characters are different.


EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
fastはやいha ya i速い
earlyはやいha ya i早い

As you can see from the table, the Hiragana is the same.

However, only the Kanji is different!




Let's check the examples!


1.
shi n ka n se n wa ha ya i de su


     Meaning :  "The bullet train is fast."
     
しんかんせん bullet train


If you don't know why "は(wa)" makes the sound "wa" instead of "ha", please check this:

If you don't know what "です" is, please check this:
  です(desu) >>


In this example, "はやい(hayai)" is used.

If we write this "はやい(hayai)" in Kanji, it is "速い".

If you are talking about the speed, the Kanji, "速い" is used.


2.
go ze n yo ji wa ha ya i de su


     Meaning :  "4 A.M. is early."
     
ごぜん4じ 4 A.M.


If you want to know more about how to say 4 A.M. in Japanese, please check this:
  Time of the day >>

If you don't know how to count number in Japanese, please check this:



In this example, "はやい(hayai)" is used.

If we write this "はやい(hayai)" in Kanji, it is "早い".

If you are talking about the time, the Kanji, "早い" is used.





3. Slow and Late

In English, Slow and Late are different words.

However, if we translate them into Japanese, they are the same word.

slowおそいo so i遅い
lateおそいo so i遅い

Both Slow and Late are "おそい(osoi)" in Japanese.

In the case of "はやい(hayai)", we need to be careful when we write it in Kanji.

However, in the case of "おそい(osoi)", the Kanji is also the same.



Isn't it easy?

Let's check the examples!


1. しゃ
ji n ri ki sha wa o so i de su


     Meaning :  "The rickshaw is slow."
     
じんりきしゃ rickshaw


In this example, "おそい(osoi)" is used.

Even if you want to write it in Kanji, you can just write "遅い".

You don't need to care whether it is about speed or time.


2. 11
go go ju u i chi ji wa o so i de su


     Meaning :  "11 P.M. is late."
     
ごご11じ 11 P.M.


In this example, "おそい(osoi)" is used, too.

Kanji is also the same as in the previous example.

It is "遅い".



Like above, both Slow and Late are "おそい(osoi)" in Japanese.



4. Conclusion

Please just remember the table blow!

You can remember Fast and Early are almost the same in Japanese.

Slow and Late are completely the same in Japanese.

Only when you write Fast and Early in Kanji, you should be careful!


EnglishJapaneseRomajiKanji
fastはやいha ya i速い
earlyはやいha ya i早い
slowおそいo so i遅い
lateおそいo so i遅い


Do you remember?



I hope this article helps you study Japanese!
Thank you for reading!